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Diabetes   Listen
diabetes  n.  (Med.) Any of several diseases which is attended with a persistent, excessive discharge of urine; when used without qualification, the term usually refers to diabetes mellitus. The most common form is diabetes mellitus, in which the urine is not only increased in quantity, but contains saccharine matter, and the condition if untreated is generally fatal. Note: The two major subtypes recognized are diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus. In diabetes insipidus there is excretion of large amounts of urine of relatively low density, accompanied by extreme thirst, but the urine contains no abnormal constituent. The more serious form diabetes mellitus (from Latin mellitus, sweetened with honey) is a metabolic disease in which the utilization of carbohydrate is reduced and that of lipids and proteins is increased. This form is caused by a deficiency in insulin (which is mostly formed in the pancreas), and may be accompanied by glucosuria, hyperglycemia, elecrolyte loss, ketoacidosis, and sometimes coma. It has severe long-term effects, including damage to the nerves, the retina, and the kidney, and degeneration of blood vessels which may lead to poor circulation, especially in the limbs, subsequent infection, and eventual loss of limbs. Diabetes mellitus itself has recognized variants, being divided into insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is also called adult-onset diabetes (abbreviated NIDDM), and is the less severe form of diabetes mellitus, occurring mostly in obese individuals over the age of 35. It may be treated by diet and oral hypoglycemic agents, though occasionally serious degenerative effects may develop. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (abbreviated IDDM), also called type I diabetes, is a severe form of the disease, usually starting when the affected person is young (hence also called juvenile-onset diabetes). In addition to the increased urine (polyuria) common to all forms of diabetes, this form is characterized by low levels of insulin in the blood, ketoacidosis, increased appetite, and increased fluid intake, and may lead to weight loss and eventually the severe degenerative effects mentioned above. Treatment requires administration of insulin and careful regulation of the diet.
Diabetes mellitus, that form of diabetes in which the urine contains saccharine matter.
Diabetes insipidus, the form of diabetes in which the urine contains no abnormal constituent.

Collaborative International Dictionary of English 0.48

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"Diabetes" Quotes from Famous Books

... Problem has scarcely been studied at all scientifically. Go to Mudie's and ask for all the books that have been written on the subject, and you will be surprised to find how few there are. There are probably more scientific books treating of diabetes or of gout than there are dealing with the great social malady which eats out the vitals of such numbers of our people. Of late there has been a change for the better. The Report of the Royal Commission on the Housing of the Poor, and the Report of the Committee of the House of Lords on ...
— "In Darkest England and The Way Out" • General William Booth

... resulting from disability caused by accident or sickness, a maximum of twenty weeks' disability during any one year.[58] However, should a member, after entrance into the association, become disabled permanently by "tuberculosis, paralysis, locomotor ataxia, dropsy, cancer, diabetes, sciatica, chronic rheumatism, chronic kidney or mental disease, or any other chronic disease," not especially named in the constitution, that may, in the judgment of the board of directors, cause permanent drain upon the funds of the Association, ...
— Beneficiary Features of American Trade Unions • James B. Kennedy

... of poor little B. had a less agreeable sequel. He was dying of diabetes during the latter months of his confinement; he was an incorrigible little thief, a man of extraordinarily acute mind, and a sort of saturnine humorist withal. He had been repeatedly convicted and imprisoned, but "I can't let it alone," he would say. He was plump and flabby, ghastly pale, ...
— The Subterranean Brotherhood • Julian Hawthorne

Words linked to "Diabetes" :   latent diabetes, polygenic disease, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, ketosis-resistant diabetes mellitus, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, dm, ketoacidosis-prone diabetes, juvenile-onset diabetes, diabetic, bronzed diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes mellitus, ketoacidosis-resistant diabetes, ketosis-resistant diabetes, type I diabetes, ketosis-prone diabetes, ketoacidosis-resistant diabetes mellitus, polygenic disorder, juvenile diabetes, growth-onset diabetes, polydipsia, type II diabetes, adult-onset diabetes mellitus, maturity-onset diabetes, diabetes insipidus, polyuria, mature-onset diabetes, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

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