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Parity   /pˈɛrəti/   Listen
Parity

noun
1.
(obstetrics) the number of liveborn children a woman has delivered.  Synonym: para.  "A bipara is a woman who has given birth to two children"
2.
(mathematics) a relation between a pair of integers: if both integers are odd or both are even they have the same parity; if one is odd and the other is even they have different parity.
3.
(computer science) a bit that is used in an error detection procedure in which a 0 or 1 is added to each group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1's or an even number of 1's; e.g., if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1's must contain an error.  Synonyms: check bit, parity bit.
4.
(physics) parity is conserved in a universe in which the laws of physics are the same in a right-handed system of coordinates as in a left-handed system.  Synonyms: conservation of parity, mirror symmetry, space-reflection symmetry.
5.
Functional equality.



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"Parity" Quotes from Famous Books



... le malheur est bon." But a comedy was written in the time of Philip IV., entitled, "No hay man que por bien no venga." He argues that Gil Blas is not the work of a Spaniard, because it does not, like Don Quixote, abound with proverbs; by a parity of reasoning, he might infer The Silent Lady was not written by an Englishman; as there is no allusion to ...
— Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine - Volume 55, No. 344, June, 1844 • Various

... aristocracy of the rich. However, it must not be abandoned. And the way of getting rid of the difficulty is to establish the inequality as between department and department, leaving all the individuals in each department upon an exact par. Observe, that this parity between individuals had been before destroyed, when the qualifications within the departments were settled; nor does it seem a matter of great importance whether the equality of men be injured by masses or individually. An individual is not of the same ...
— The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. III. (of 12) • Edmund Burke

... AGREED upon the following provisions, which shall be annexed to the Treaty establishing the European Community. France will keep the privilege of monetary emission in its overseas territories under the terms established by its national laws, and will be solely entitled to determine the parity of the CFP franc. ...
— The Treaty of the European Union, Maastricht Treaty, 7th February, 1992 • European Union

... shown that the arguments against the genuineness of this part of Isaiah (and by parity of reason against certain sections of the first part) have their ground in the denial of prophetic inspiration, and cannot endure the test of sober criticism. The evidence, then, for the genuineness of these chapters remains in its full ...
— Companion to the Bible • E. P. Barrows

... denied so sea-serpentine a voluminousness. We suspect that the style is original with the Ex-Brigadier-Attorney-General, but, while we allow it the merit of novelty, we think there are some grave objections to its universal adoption. It would be a great check on hospitality; for, by parity of reason, the invitation should be as tedious as the reply, and a treaty of dinner would take nearly as much time as a treaty of peace. This would be a great damage to the butchers, whose interests ...
— Atlantic Monthly, Vol. II., November, 1858., No. XIII. • Various

... In the "Economy'' section, GNP/GDP dollar estimates for the OECD countries, the former Soviet republics, and the East European countries are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations rather than from conversions at official currency exchange rates. The PPP method normally involves the use of international dollar price weights, which are applied to the quantities of goods and services produced in a given economy. In addition ...
— The 1993 CIA World Factbook • United States. Central Intelligence Agency.

... local authorities all control over the certification which establishes the prima facie right to a seat in the House of Representatives. This defect should be cured. Equality of representation and the parity of the electors must be maintained or everything that is valuable in our system of government is lost. The qualifications of an elector must be sought in the law, net in the opinions, prejudices, or fears ...
— Complete State of the Union Addresses from 1790 to the Present • Various

... the act itself; the manner in which death is brought about is not the question. You would not acquit a man who in this sense had slain another; you would punish him as a murderer: how then can you refuse to reward as a benefactor the man who, by parity of reasoning, has shown himself to be the liberator of ...
— Works, V2 • Lucian of Samosata

... salvation; for faith is held up in the Word of God as a qualification for salvation with more emphasis than as a qualification for baptism. Hence if you say that infants cannot be baptized because incapable of faith, you must also say, by a parity of reasoning, that infants cannot be ...
— The Christian Home • Samuel Philips

... never turns gray: he is still slender, but much bent. He went over to the fireplace and crouched before the coals that were flickering there still. Then he said, with that gentle, half-laughing voice, "Take care, Paul, old boy! Children who show sense too early never grow, they say: by parity of argument, men who are poetical too late in ...
— Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Vol. XII, No. 28. July, 1873. • Various

... his partiality for late dates he forgets that the weapon which he wields is double-edged. If the fourth and fifth books 'must,' as he confidently asserts, have been written some years after the third, it follows by parity of reasoning, that the first and second must have been written some years before it. Yet, with a strange inconsistency, he assumes in the very same sentence that the two first books cannot have been written till the latest years of Eleutherus, ...
— Essays on "Supernatural Religion" • Joseph B. Lightfoot

... between different breeds; but they cover a broader field of observation and in some respects differ. Mr. Walker maintains that when both parents are of the same breed that either parent may transmit either half of the organization. That when they are of different varieties or breeds (and by parity of reasoning the same should hold, strongly, when hybrids are produced by crossing different species) and supposing also that both parents are of equal age and vigor, that the male gives the back head and locomotive organs and the female the face and nutritive organs—I quote his language: ...
— The Principles of Breeding • S. L. Goodale

... I, "which extinguishes love of country and of everything noble, and brings the minds of its ministers to a parity with those of devils, who delight ...
— The Romany Rye • George Borrow

... the use and power of the stethoscope. For exactly as a thin thread of water, trickling through a leaden tube, yields a stridulous and plaintive sound compared with the full volume of sound corresponding to the full volume of water, on parity of principles, nobody will doubt that the current of blood pouring through the tubes of the human frame will utter to the learned ear, when armed with the stethoscope, an elaborate gamut or compass of music recording the ravages of disease, ...
— Autobiographic Sketches • Thomas de Quincey



Words linked to "Parity" :   conservation, maternity, natural philosophy, tocology, mathematical relation, obstetrics, mathematics, computer science, midwifery, pregnancy, bit, maths, oddness, gestation, computing, ob, math, equivalence, evenness, physics



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